Creation Of Israel

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 AFTER WORLD WAR I as a result of the TREATY of VERSAILLES, a League of Nations mandate system was created to get control from one country and transfer to another country.  The Ottoman empire was on the losing side of the war with England and France. The old empires of Austria Hungary and the Ottoman Empire collapsed and new nations were created.  Western Europe created mandates in the Middle East.  Palestine was a British mandate.

The Balfour  Declaration was a letter from the British government to the Palestinians for the establishment to a homeland for the Jewish people in Palestine. It was created in November 2, 1917. Lord Arthur Balfour, then British Foreign Minister, issued a declaration (the Balfour Declaration). This announced the British Empire’s support for the establishment of  a Jewish national home in Palestine

English: Balfour declaration

English: Balfour declaration (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The British Empire played the major role in the Middle East because during the first World War, in 1916, it convinced Arab leaders to revolt against the Ottoman Empire which was allied with Germany. After the Ottoman Empire was defeated, the British government would support the establishment of an independent Arab state in the region, including Palestine.

 Image result for Lord Arthur Balfour
Arthur Balfour
Former British Prime Minister
Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, KG, OM, PC, FRS, DL was a British Conservative politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from July 1902 to December 1905, and later Foreign Secretary.
Died: March 19, 1930, Fisher’s Hill House
Nationality: British
Previous offices: Leader of the House of Commons (1902–1905), More
Quote  from Arthur Balfour: Explain what this quote is about.

It is unfortunate, considering that enthusiasm moves the world, that so few enthusiasts can be trusted to speak the truth.

The above quote seems to be symbolic of the enthusiasm and disagreement in the middle east between Jewish nationalists known as Zionists and Palestinian nationalists who resist the creation of Israel.  Both groups see the truth of who has right to the land entirely differently and both groups have very little trust in each other.

One of the main ideas behind the League of Nations created after World War I and later the United Nations created after World War II was to have an international support for people without a homeland.  For example, Germany was persecuting the Jewish people because they thought that they were the problem of the economic hardships and the weak link in German society.  Military nationalism creates enemies and the Jewish became the easy enemy for Hitler.  The sympathy for the Jewish in the Holocaust during World War I was what really pushed Europe to allow the creation of Israel as an independent nation and homeland for the Jews. In the process of creating a Jewish homeland Palestinian refugees were created when they lost their homes to the settlement of the Jewish people.  There has always been more sympathy for the Jewish people as victims than for the Arab people because most of the Arabs are Muslim and the historic echoes of the Crusades make western Christians more sympathetic to the Jews.  The Western Europeans could have also felt guilty that the Holocaust happened in Europe and they wanted to do something for the Jewish people who survived.

British politicians felt sad because Germany started a holocaust for the Jewish people. They thought if they divided Palestine into two countries and create Israel then there will be a homeland for the Jewish people after the horror of  World War. The question remains how this promised homeland of peace which has Jerusalem as a “city of Peace” has been at the center of so much conflict.

Israel achieved independence when the war ended in 1947 , and the British created two states.  Golda Meir became the fourth Prime Minister. She helped the independence movement of Israel and guided and rallied the Israeli victory against Arab Palestinians. Also,she attempts peace between Israel and Arab Palestine and became one of the central figures in finding stability.

 Golda Meir
Former Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir was an Israeli teacher, kibbutznik, stateswoman and politician and the fourth elected Prime Minister of Israel. Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on March 17, 1969, after serving as Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister. Wikipedia
Born: May 3, 1898, Kiev, Ukraine
Died: December 8, 1978, Jerusalem, Israel
Quote From Golda Meir: What does this quote mean?
Don’t be so humble – you are not that great.
A leader who doesn’t hesitate before he sends his nation into battle is not fit to be a leader.
We do not rejoice in victories. We rejoice when a new kind of cotton is grown and when strawberries bloom in Israel.
The quote above shows that she is looking for peace and economic prosperity for both side, but more for the Jewish side. This is an inequality treatment.
As the Jewish people came and increased their population. They were getting more land and controlling more than people who were living already there. I think this is one of the reason why Palestinians didn’t like Jews people. After the time Jews were getting more control over lands and people;likewise, The Jews had more privileges than people who had been liven there more than the new people. That’s why the conflict happened in this holy land. Inequality was placed for the new refuge and started violence to get more power.

 

1 Comment

  1. This is an interesting article, because it explained how Israel became a country. Also, it stated the conflict between Jewish people and Muslims.However, this article showed that if you are not strong enough,then you are going to get bullied. One nation erased another nation from the map. Because the people of Palestine were not strong enough to say you can’t bring other people without my permission. Jewish people control the economy of many countries, because they are strong and they do not give up. Also, this showed political difference between western culture and middle eastern culture.

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