1920s; Roaring Change

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The Change to Come

The roaring twentica. 1920s-1940s, Harlem, Manhattan, New York, New York, USA --- The night spot that best evokes glittering images of Harlem in the 1920s and 1930s is the Cotton Club. While literary urbanites appreciated Harlem Renaissance writers like Langston Hughes, more fun-loving New Yorkers were attracted to the neighborhood's vibrant cabarets. If you were white and well-heeled, you could enjoy African American entertainers like Louis Armstrong and Bill "Bojangles" Robinson at the elegant Cotton Club. --- Image by © Underwood & Underwood/CORBISes were a time of immense change and evolution in America. People dressed differently, spoke differently, and even acted differently. The social climate evolved exponentially and politics was becoming more modern and worldly. People were becoming more lenient with how they spent their money, jazz was emerging in popular music, women gained the right to vote, and a nationwide prohibition of alcohol was set in place. Organized crime was also gaining momentum stateside, with the emergence of Al Capone and the arrival of Carlo Gambino from Sicily.

Fashion in the 1920’s was drastically different from that of past decades. Rigid, defined clothing from the victorian era was abandoned for more contemporary, flamboyant and colorful attire. Dance clubs became popular in the 1920’s along with a wide array of new dances such as the charleston, foxtrot, and the shimmy.  A new generation of women was born during this time known asthe flappers. They were stylish, modern, and wordly women who lived independent and extravagent lifestyles.

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The Harlem Renaissance was Heavily influenced by African American culture.  There were many influential African American writers, artists and musicians that emerged during the Harlem Renaissance such as jazz musicians Duke Ellington, Fats Waller, and Willy Smith. African American writers such as Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Zora Neale Hurston, Richard Wright, and W. E. B. Du Bois were also cast into the limelight. They all wrote about the struggles of African American people in what was then a predominately white nation, at least in terms of who had political influence and proper representation by the government.

Under 220px-LuckyLucianoSmallerall of this, behind the scenes and making waves within the New York underworld were the many organized crime syndicates growing and gaining influence both in the illicit activities they took part in as well as politics. Charles “Lucky” Luciano (to the left), considered by many to be the father of the american mafia, built up his empire by running rum, racketeering, and running gambling rings. Al Capone (below), asCapone well built up his empire on gambling, racketeering, and rum running. Power was corrupt in these times so criminals were able to sustain their business by paying off lawyers and judges, as well as resorting to other means that were deemed necessary

 

 

Research links follow:

http://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/harlem-renaissance

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucky_Luciano

http://www.biography.com/people/lucky-luciano-9388350

https://www.fbi.gov/about-us/history/famous-cases/al-capone