Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp



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Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a United States military prison located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, which fronts on Guantanamo Bay in Cuba.  It was established in January 2002. In January 2002, Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld said the prison camp was established to detain extraordinarily dangerous prisoners, to interrogate prisoners in an optimal setting, and to prosecute prisoners for war crimes. This decision was very controversial. Some people argued the prisoners should have the right to a lawyer, formal charges, and eventually a proper trial. The Bush administration insisted the prisoners were illegal enemy combatants, not suspects charged with a crime, and as such, they did not have the right to appeal their detention to an American court. The supreme court disagreed with the administration. In 2004, in Rasul v. Bush, the court ruled foreign  prisoners who claimed they were being unlawfully imprisoned had the right to have their cases heard in court.

The Supreme Court rejected President Bush’s interpretation  of the rights and legal status of prisoners at Guantanamo Bay. so in respond the Bush Administration created military tribunals to hear each detainee’s case. the lack of judicial proceedings and the secrecy surrounding the detainees at Guantanamo Bay prompted international criticism.

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