Max and Toussaint

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The French Revolution

 

  • Revolutionaries drew inspiration from enlightenment political thought
  • Much more radical revolution than its American counterpart
  • The French revolution was both a political and a social uprising
  • France was originally a monarchy ruled by King Louis XVI
  • Financial troubles led France down a road to revolution
  • 3/4 of French revenue went to war debts and armed forces, and the peasantry could not be taxed even more
  • King tried taxing Aristocrats, but they protested this effort and summoned the Estates General, a representative meeting
  • Third Estate (The upper class) supported reform, but other estates turned it down, so the Third Estate formed their own National Assembly
  • The National Assembly sparked violent rebellion throughout the cities and streets of France
  • Jean-Paul Marat also helped “light the people’s fire”
  • He wrote over exaggerated articles in his newspaper to anger people, until he was assassinated on July 13, 1973 by Charlotte Corday
  • Emboldened by popular support, the National Assembly wrote the “Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen ” which was similar to the American constitution
  •  Robespierre “The king must die so that the country can live”Was a Revolutionarie the French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals, particularly the concepts of popular sovereignty and inalienable rights. Robespierre was the head of the bloody french revolution of the late 1790's. As an orator (public speaker), he praised revolutionary government and argued that the Terror was necessary. Robespierre encouraged the execution, mostly by guillotine, of more than 17,000 enemies of the Revolution.
    Robespierre “The king must die so that the country can live”Was a Revolutionarie the French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals, particularly the concepts of popular sovereignty and inalienable rights. Robespierre was the head of the bloody french revolution of the late 1790’s. As an orator (public speaker), he praised revolutionary government and argued that the Terror was necessary. Robespierre encouraged the execution, mostly by guillotine, of more than 17,000 enemies of the Revolution.

The Haitian Revolution

  • The only successful slave revolt in history took place in Haiti
  • In 1789, the French revolution broke out in France. So naturally the French colonists of Saint Dominique wanted to govern themselves
  • They however, ignored proposals to give political equality to the “gens de color”, free people of color
  • In 1791, a fight broke out between the gens de couleur and the French settlers in Saint Dominique
  • A well liked voodoo priest, named Boukman organized a slave revolt in the same year
  • Boukman died and the slaves overwhelmed the French colonists under the leadership of Francois-Dominique Toussaint
  • However Toussaint called himself L’overture,
  • In 1801 L’ouverture wrote a constitution granting rights to all the residents of Saint Dominique
  • He didn’t however go as far as declaring independence from France because he didn’t want to deal with Napoleon
  • But Napoleon sent troops anyways and captured Toussaint
  • The Black leaders who came after Toussaint defeated the remaining French Troops and declared independence in 1804.
 I took up arms for the freedom of my color. It is our own - we will defend it or perish. Was a Revolutionarie Was a Jacobin The head of the slave revolt in haiti around the 1820's. Robespierre inspired Toussaint to rise up against The French leader Napolean's forces that were operating them. The revolution that Toussaint lead was bloody as well. His military genius and political acumen (quick decisions) led to the establishment of the independent black state of Haiti, transforming an entire society of slaves into a free, self-governing people.
I took up arms for the freedom of my color. It is our own – we will defend it or perish. Was a Revolutionarie Was a Jacobin The head of the slave revolt in haiti around the 1820’s. Robespierre inspired Toussaint to rise up against The French leader Napolean’s forces that were operating them. The revolution that Toussaint lead was bloody as well. His military genius and political acumen (quick decisions) led to the establishment of the independent black state of Haiti, transforming an entire society of slaves into a free, self-governing people.