Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks


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Rosa Parks was born 1913 and died in 2005, she was born in Tuskegee, Alabama.  She was a social rights activist and went to Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes.  She was on a Montgomery Alabama bus and refused to give up her seat for a white passenger. It helped enforce the nationwide efforts to end public segregation.  She was arrested and charged, but later that night was released on bail.

Rosa Parks advocated for desegregation by not giving up her seat for a white man. I believe Rosa was very brave for standing up for herself against segregation. The buses during this time had reserved seats for colored people generally in the rear, even though colored people took up about 75% of the buses.

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Rosa Parks had spent a tiring day at work as a department store seamstress. She got onto the bus for the ride home and sat in the fifth row, the first row of the “colored section.” The Montgomery bus driver ordered Parks and three other African Americans seated near her to move to the back of the bus. The three others did as asked, and Rosa refused.

“Are you going to stand up?” the driver demanded. Rosa Parks looked straight at him and said: “No.” Flustered, and not quite sure what to do, Blake retorted, “Well, I’m going to have you arrested.” And Parks, still sitting next to the window, replied softly, “You may do that.”

The Montgomery Advertiser, a newspaper, published a front-page article on the planned action. About 40,000 African-American bus riders, boycotted the system the next day.

the demands did not include changing the segregation laws; rather, the group demanded courtesty, the hiring of black drivers, and a first-come, first-seated policy, with whites entering and filling seats from the front and African Americans from the rear. Ultimately, however, a group of five Montgomery women, represented by attorney Fred D. Gray (1932-) and the NAACP, sued the city in U.S. District Court, seeking to have the busing segregation laws invalidated.

On June 5, 1956, a Montgomery federal court ruled that any law that goes with racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. That amendment, adopted in 1868 following the American Civil War, guarantees all citizens, equal rights and equal protection under state and federal laws.