Russian Revolution



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The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917. The Russian Empire collapsed with the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, and the old regime was replaced by a provisional government during the first revolution of February 1917, in the second revolution that October, the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a communist state.

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What was happened on 1917?

At the beginning of 1917, Russia allied of England, France and Japan, was at war against Germany. His losses in two and a half years of war had been enormous and yet he had not achieved any positive result. His troops were exhausted, ill equipped, ill-ordered; Most of the soldiers understood nothing at all about the motives and aims of the war.


Russian weaknesses

As everyone know Russia is a big country, so is difficult to govern. Russia had a bad economy in the farming that was operated by poor peasants. Also, Russia’s defeat by Japan in 1905. Between 1863-1900 the number of factories were doubled, and these factories were mainly located in the cities. The workers were paid little, at the same time a small middle class was beginning to develop.

Bolshevik Revolution

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Lenin is leading the Bolsheviks

The World War I had destroyed the Russian economy. A Russian revolutionary his named Vladimir Lenin; he was an important person for the Russian people, helping the factory workers. These workers were part of the Bolshevik (means “majority”), and their actions were called the Bolshevik Revolution The civil war still 3 years and died 14 million Russians and the following economic crisis. Lenin and the Bolshevik defeated their rivals and formed the world’s first government based on Communism.  



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