Salvadoran Religious Culture

Print page

How did the Catholic religion spread to my country?

The catholic religion spread when Pedro de Alvarado conquered our country, imposing his religion. Now the catholic church in El Salvador is part of the worldwide catholic church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome and the Conference of the El Salvadoran Bishops. There are almost 5 million Catholics in El Salvador.   


Catholicism began in the nation in the sixteenth century with the invasion of  Pedro de Alvarado. Before being conquered our ancestors adored many gods as Xipe Tótec (god of fertility), Ehécatl  (god of the wind), Tláloc (god of the rain), Xilonen (goddess of corn), etc.



Pedro de Alvarado.


 What other religions are there in El Salvador?

In El Salvador approximate 51% of the population are Roman Catholics, 33% are Protestant, 14% not having a religion, and the remain (less than 2%) being Jehovah’s Witnesses, Hare Krishna’s,  Muslims, Jews, Buddhists, Latter-day Saints (Mormons), and members of indigenous religions.

Image result for What other religions are there in El Salvador

What Catholics celebrate in El Salvador?

A variety of saint days are celebrated as local holidays. The country itself is called “El Salvador” and takes the transfigured Jesus, the Divine Savior of the World, as its patron saint, and his feast day on August 6 is a national holiday. Others celebrations are Holy Week & Easter; Christmas; Death Mourning & the Afterlife; Coming of Age; etc.