Speaking up for the rights of child migrants

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Speaking up for the rights of child migrants

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Who qualifies as a child migrant ?

 

Child migration is defined as the movement of people ages 3–18 within or across political borders, with or without their parents or a legal guardian, to another country or region. They may travel with or without legal travel documents. They may arrive to the destination country as refugees, or economic migrants. According to UNHCR 68 million people with over 50% being children and young people are affected by prolonged political conflicts and violent crisis as refugees.  Since 2017 the number of displaced people globally has risen by 3 million.  There are approximately 175,000 “unaccompanied” children on the move.  Many would agree that the migration crisis is “the biggest humanitarian challenge of our generation”.

 

Where do we face global migration crisis?

 

  1. Sub Saharan Africa
  2. North Africa and the Middle East
  3. Latin America and the Caribbean
  4. Asia

The above 4 regions comprise 2/3 of the world’s refugees and 97% of internally displaced persons who are refugees in their own country. North America and Europe are the main destination for many migrants around the world. Poverty countries have the high migration movements. Latin America is one of the highest migrant regions to the US because of the corrupt governments. For other Region like Asia, Africa, and the Middle East people migrate for survival from war, for freedom of culture and belief because they come from a religion or tribe or culture that is discriminated against.  The war in Syria has been the biggest crisis of migration in the Middle East this decade.

Image result for refugee crisis latin america and caribbean movement patterns

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What are the risk factors that keep child migrants from having access to education? 

Children are at high risk of poverty. in many countries it is very difficult for them to get their education because of the financial incomes. The education opportunities of children living under such circumstance will frequently suffer. Many of those children will not attempt to school because of the poverty and will decide to work instead. It also brings up early marriage, in order to relieve the financial pressure on families some daughters are married at a very young age. this often has the direct effect of ending the girl’s education.

 

How can we act to help solve problems caused by the global migrant crisis?

https://www.globalgoals.org/

The 17 United Nations Global Goals for sustainable development were enacted in 2015.  The following 5 goals and their specific targets will help in addressing this crisis:

 

BUILD RESILIENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DISASTERS

By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.

INCREASE THE SUPPLY OF QUALIFIED TEACHERS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing States.

RESPONSIBLE AND WELL-MANAGED MIGRATION POLICIES

Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.

 

AFFORDABLE AND SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons.

PROTECT CHILDREN FROM ABUSE, EXPLOITATION, TRAFFICKING AND VIOLENCE

End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.

 

 

The Four Regions at the Heart of the Migration Crisis

https://www.vox.com/2019/4/11/18290677/border-immigration-illegal-asylum-central-america-mexico-trump

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