The Renaissance

The Renaissance
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what was the Renaissance?

Historians call the time in Europe after the middle ages the Renaissance. Renaissance is a French means rebirth. Renaissance began in Italy, at that time Italy was not a united country, but a group of city-states. It started around 1350 and ended around 1600. During the Renaissance people experienced changes in art, learning, and other things.

How did it spread around the world?

The Renaissance ideas traveled around the world because the Europeans rose to power and controlled global trade during the time of the Renaissance.  Renaissance ideas caused a new period of understanding and learning known as the Enlightenment. This new understanding created new ways of governing like democracy and it created new ways of thinking about science, religion and the world.

  • Did it influence Africa?


Yes, it did influence Africa. When the Europeans were moving south to Africa they brought all the ideas of the Renaissance to West and East Africa.


  • How do we know?


The Portuguese went to West Africa for slave trade and African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries. The Europeans when they come to Africa for trade they didn’t only trade and left they also stayed on some parts of Africa shared their culture, religion and influenced the Africans’.


2.Did it influence America?

The ideas of Renaissance spread all over North and South America Christopher Columbus was the first to discover North America and Spanish “Latinos” to South America.  

How do you know?

Renaissance has influenced America, the American Renaissance was the period from 1876 to 1917 characterized by renewed national self-confidence and a feeling that the United States was the heir to Greek democracy, Roman law, and Renaissance humanism.


U.S. Capitol Washington, D.C.









Examples of Renaissance ARTIFACTs

In Europe

  • In Africa
  • Eritrea


Eritrea Is a country in northern east Africa. The reason Eritrea is  influenced by the Italians is a leader called Benito Mussolini rise to power in Italy in 1922. He was the first Italian who came to Eritrea brought profound changes to the colonial government in Eritrea by. The capital of Eritrea experienced a huge increase in population, when the population was growing and the people start to learn the cultures, and the Italian architectures that makes the country influenced by Rainessance. Italians are not the only invaders to Eritrea also Turkey, England, Egypt have influence in Eritrea.   

      • North Africa Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean sea was the center of trade, transport and exchange culture between diverse peoples. Mediterranean sea surrounds three continents Western Asia, Northern Africa, and Southern Europe.

      • Portuguese influence in West Africa:- Portuguese overseas expansion began in the fifteenth century, thanks to several factors that gave the small coastal nation an advantage over its larger European neighbors. First, in the 1300s, Portuguese shipbuilders invented several new techniques that made sailing in the stormy Atlantic Ocean more practical. They combined elements of different types of ships to construct stronger, roomier and more maneuverable caravels. They also took advantage of more reliable compasses for navigation, and benefitted from the school for navigation created by Prince Henry “the Navigator” (1394-1460) at Sagres in 1419.


    1. In America.
      1.  Washington DC
      2. The ideas of democracy and the “natural rights” thinking of the founding fathers.
        1. Niccolo Machiavelli – Italy = Power and the people, do what is most useful, advice to the Prince in northern Italy WHEN?ò_Machiavelli
        2. Thomas Hobbes – England = The State of Nature is war and we need protection of our rights in government. A monarchy is OK but must protect the people’s rights = “limited monarchy”
        3. John Locke – England = Natural Rights and Democracy
        4. J.J. Rousseau = Swiss French = Government should be a social contract with the people.

        1. Montesquieu = France  = 3 different powers of government – Checks and Balances of power, Executive, Legislative, Judicial.